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Animal Welfare

For 125 years, Hormel Foods has focused on treating animals humanely, simply because it is the right thing to do. We incorporate industry-leading animal welfare practices throughout the production process to produce the highest quality products.

We perform and constantly reassess our animal welfare practices by monitoring the best scientific data available, utilizing new technologies and incorporating years of hands-on experience. This allows us to have a consistent, measurable and successful animal welfare program.

Additionally, at Hormel Foods, animal welfare is a non-competitive issue. We are always willing to share best practices with our suppliers; however, the company does not dictate which systems our independent producers use to operate on their farms – as long as they are compliant with the animal welfare standards outlined in our Supplier Responsibility Principles.


Raising Our Animals

Animal Welfare Management

Our systematic approach to monitoring animal welfare was further enhanced in 2009 when Hormel Foods created the animal welfare and handling manager position, whose sole responsibility is to enforce our stringent standards for animal welfare at all domestic production sites. The manager holds weekly, monthly and quarterly meetings and conference calls to discuss relevant animal welfare topics.


We are committed to ensuring that every hog and turkey is raised in a healthy environment and treated properly. This principle serves as the core foundation of our animal welfare policy.

We raise our hogs and turkeys in climate-controlled barns. Raising animals indoors is beneficial because our housing systems keep animals healthier, protecting them from predators, diseases and extreme weather conditions. Within these facilities, 100 percent of our market hogs are housed in group pens, and 100 percent of the turkeys raised by Jennie-O Turkey Store are housed in open barns. By 2018, all company-owned hog farms will transition to group sow housing. As of October 2014, we’ve successfully converted 25 percent of company-owned sows to group sow housing and have reviewed building and renovation plans for the remaining conversions.

We expect all individuals within our company and suppliers to follow our code of conduct when treating and handling animals.

Hormel Foods extensively trains each individual who handles our animals to ensure they have the necessary knowledge and skills to properly care for our livestock. We expect training on animal husbandry practices to be the foundation of each production facility’s culture, and this behavioral foundation is reinforced and exhibited daily by all employees. We encourage employees at company farms and independent family farms to hold each other accountable for proper animal welfare techniques.

At our processing plants, all personnel involved in receiving hogs and turkeys are routinely trained in the proper and humane handling of all animals. On a regular basis, we require these employees to review, agree to and follow a personal pledge of conduct, which outlines our principles for animal welfare and handling.

We conduct routine audits at our facilities by trained, internal auditors and third-party auditors. Information collected from each audit is then used to continuously improve our animal handling procedures.

Documentation is imperative to our training and auditing procedures. We keep a copy of each audit report and have a profile for each employee outlining his or her training and recertification qualifications.

To read more about the audits we conducted in 2015, visit the animal welfare section of our 2015 Hormel Foods Corporate Responsibility Report.

Antibiotic Stewardship – Responsible Use of Antibiotics

We understand the importance of using antibiotics responsibly in animal agriculture as well as reducing the use of medically important antibiotics in order to maintain their effectiveness. Protecting human health and the health of our animals are absolute priorities of ours, and we are proud of our ongoing stewardship efforts:

    • Reducing the use of antibiotics — Reducing the need for antibiotics has been and continues to be important to us. We continue to focus our efforts on keeping our animals healthy so that antibiotics aren’t needed. For example, we partnered with a leading animal veterinary clinic to help define long-term health strategies for our company-owned hog farm. We also continue to research ways to use products such as probiotics to maintain animal health and welfare for turkeys. In addition, on an ongoing basis veterinarians monitor and evaluate the health of all of our animals as well as our antibiotic use.
    • Responsible use of antibiotics — We comply with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s industry guidance that has eliminated the use of medically important antibiotics for growth promotion. While we continue to make reductions in antibiotic use, we believe the responsible use of antibiotics includes the appropriate treatment of sick animals. When antibiotics are needed to properly care for an animal, only approved medications and dosage levels are used under the direction of a veterinarian. In addition, Hormel Foods has a leading animal welfare auditing program and ensuring the responsible use of antibiotics is a key part of that program.
    • Raised without antibiotics — Hormel Foods has invested in producing raised without antibiotics products. In fact, our purchase of Applegate is a significant commitment in this regard. Our Applegate® product portfolio is produced entirely from animals raised without antibiotics. If antibiotics are ever given to an animal, that animal does not enter the Applegate supply chain. In addition, our Jennie-O Turkey Store subsidiary conducted a raised without antibiotics pilot study. As a result, several raised without antibiotics Jennie-O® products are being produced and supplied to our customers.
    • Partnerships — To further demonstrate our commitment to this important issue, in 2015 we formed an Antibiotic Working Group comprised of internal subject-matter experts, leading non-governmental organizations including the Pew Charitable Trusts, Farm Foundation and Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, veterinarians and other stakeholders to discuss and continue to advance this important industry topic. We also review and explore research opportunities and will continue to participate in industry antibiotic initiatives.

    As we continue and expand upon our antibiotic stewardship efforts, we will provide updates. Additional information about our animal welfare efforts can be found in our 2015 Corporate Responsibility Report.

    Research/Innovation and Investment

    At Hormel Foods facilities, we monitor scientific findings to continually evaluate, invest in and develop new ways to improve our hog and turkey handling processes. We operate a state-of-the-art hog holding facility at our Austin (Minn.) Plant, which was designed to maximize the quality of our animal welfare and working conditions for our employees. We have also received a patent for our process related to improving turkey handling at Jennie-O Turkey Store.

    Industry Collaboration

    Hormel Foods is recognized as a leader within the hog and turkey industries for developing and implementing best-practice animal welfare handling procedures. Our commitment to leadership is demonstrated by sharing our best practices and state-of-the-art facility designs with our peers and other industry stakeholders. In addition, we consult with internal and external subject matter experts, such as veterinarians, to update and maintain our practices as needed. We also participate in industry presentations and other collaborative experiences, and we offer in-person tours of our facilities to our peers and other industry stakeholders.

    Additionally, we participate in the Professional Animal Auditors Certification Organization (PAACO) by inviting trainers and trainees to see our hog facilities and turkey facilities first-hand as part of the real-world training component of its program. Ten members of the Jennie-O Turkey Store team and 12 members of the Hormel Foods team are PAACO-certified auditors. To help ensure new research within the turkey industry, Jennie-O Turkey Store provides support to the Minnesota Turkey Growers Association, the Minnesota Turkey Research and Promotion Council and the National Turkey Federation.

    Industry Representation

    Industry representation in national and local organizations helps Hormel Foods establish an open dialogue to share best practices within the food industry regarding animal welfare handling and humane processing. We are proud to have a representative serving as a member, an officer or a director of the board of a wide array of industry organizations including:

    • Alliance for the Future of Agriculture in Nebraska
    • American Association of Poultry Pathologists
    • American Association of Swine Veterinarians (AASV)
    • American College of Poultry Veterinarians
    • American Meat Science Association
    • American Veterinary Medical Association
    • Animal Agriculture Alliance
    • Arizona Farm Bureau
    • Arizona Pork Council President/Board of Directors
    • Arizona Rural Water Association
    • Association of Veterinarians in Turkey Production
    • Colorado Farm Bureau
    • Colorado Livestock Association
    • California Pork Producers Association President/Board of Directors
    • Colorado Pork Producers Association Board of Directors
    • Global Food Safety Initiative
    • Grocery Manufacturers Association
    • Institute of Food Technologists
    • Midwest Food Processors Board of Directors
    • Midwest Poultry Research Committee
    • Minnesota Agricultural Utilization Research Institute
    • Minnesota Agri-Growth Council Board of Directors
    • Minnesota Poultry Federation
    • Minnesota Turkey Growers Association Board of Directors
    • Minnesota Turkey Research and Promotion Council
    • National Grain and Feed Association
    • National Meat Association Board of Directors
    • National Pork Board
    • National Pork Producers Council (NPPC)
    • North American Meat Institute
    • NPPC Animal Health and Food Security Policy Committee
    • National Turkey Federation’s Board of Directors
    • National Turkey Federation’s Executive Committee
    • National Turkey Federation’s Health and Welfare Committee
    • National Turkey Federation’s Live Production Committee
    • National Turkey Federation’s Technical and Regulatory Affairs Committee
    • Northwest Feed Manufacturers Association
    • Poultry Science Association
    • Professional Animal Auditor Certification Organization
    • United States Animal Health Association
    • University of Wisconsin Meat Science Advisory Board
    • University of Wisconsin Poultry Science Advisory Committee
    • USDA Agricultural Air Quality Task Force
    • World Poultry Association
    • Wyoming Pork Producers Association


Hormel Foods sources hogs from more than 500 independent family farmers across the Midwest and four company-owned operations in Arizona, California, Colorado and Wyoming.

All designated market hogs are housed in a group pen setting from birth. The breeding sows at our company-owned farms in Arizona have transitioned to group sow housing. Company-owned farms in Colorado and Wyoming will be transitioned to group sow housing by 2018. As of 2015, we have successfully converted 25 percent to group sow housing and have reviewed building and renovation plans for the remaining conversions. This will help to maintain consistent animal handling practices, employee training, personnel transfer and reporting processes.

We have implemented quality management systems at all company-owned hog production sites. The quality management systems focus on animal welfare and food safety, and are designed to create a culture of continuous improvement based on four pillars: documentation, training, verification and corrective actions. We also require certification for all independent family farms that supply hogs to Hormel Foods in the National Pork Board’s PQA Plus program.

In 2015, we partnered with the Audubon-Manning Veterinary Clinic to help define long-term health strategies for all of our company-owned operations. Through this partnership, they assigned an experienced veterinarian to each of our locations, and in addition to defining long-term health strategies, they provide routine assistance to the local production team.

Pork Procurement and Processing

Each year, our three Hormel Foods pork processing operations provide the company with raw materials by processing approximately 9.2 million hogs. These facilities are Farmer John (Vernon, Calif.), the Hormel Foods Fremont (Neb.) Plant and Quality Pork Processors Inc. in Austin, (Minn.), which is a third-party contractor. These raw materials are distributed to locations throughout the United States where they are used to produce meat and food products.

We purchase hogs from local independent Midwest producers for our Austin (Minn.) Plant and Fremont (Neb.) Plant. The hogs are purchased using the Hormel Foods lean pork value table. Our customers can be confident all of our hogs are healthy, top-quality animals that are properly managed and humanely treated. We pay a premium for properly sorted, consistent, lean hogs that meet our stringent requirements.

To uphold animal welfare requirements at Hormel Foods, a majority of our hogs are purchased using contractual agreements. Per the contract, each hog producer agrees to comply with local, state and federal laws and qualifications detailed in the Hormel Foods quality assurance program, which includes an animal welfare component. In addition to producers who supply hogs to Hormel Foods, we require all employees who work with hogs at our company-owned hog operations to follow these guidelines. Our animal welfare practices include:

  • All individuals who transport hogs to Hormel Foods must have Transport Quality Assurance (TQA) certification. Hormel Foods developed this program before it was adopted as the industry standard. The training materials cover the responsible way to treat and handle animals during loading, transportation and delivery. Handlers are taught to recognize the amount of space needed around each hog and points of balance to aid in hog movement. Achieving TQA certification requires attendance at an educational and training session and a score of 90 percent or above on a written exam.
  • All sites where a producer raises hogs supplied to Hormel Foods must achieve Site Status as defined by the PQA Plus program. This is attained through an on-farm assessment that evaluates welfare and well-being principles. Once PQA Plus Site Status is achieved, the site becomes eligible for a random third-party audit. This statistically valid sample of audits validates the PQA Plus program.
  • All employees of our company-owned hog operations are required to comply with qualifications outlined in our quality management system, which includes standard operating procedures, a personal pledge of proper conduct and certifications in PQA Plus and TQA. An employee cannot be promoted until he or she has undergone appropriate training for the new position and his or her manager has approved the employee’s ability to work with animals in this new capacity.
  • All producers who supply hogs to Hormel Foods, and the employees of those producers, must be certified in the National Pork Board’s PQA Plus program. To achieve certification, producers must attend an educational and training session taught by a PQA Plus advisor – a veterinarian, extension personnel or an adult agricultural educator. The class content focuses on food safety, animal well-being, herd health and medication decision-making, administration and records management.
  • All producers who supply hogs to Hormel Foods must adhere to the Hormel Foods Farm Animal Care and Treatment Specifications (FACTS) program. In addition to documentation and animal/facility observations, key components of the program include third-party audits and corrective actions for non-compliance.
  • Routine audits are conducted at our facilities, and we hire third-party auditors to gather information to continuously improve our animal welfare procedures.
  • Employees have a confidential hotline to anonymously report any animal welfare procedure that does not meet our standards.

To read about our 2015 audits that ensure we are practicing safe and ethical animal welfare, visit our 2015 Corporate Responsibility Report.


Jennie-O Turkey Store, a wholly owned subsidiary of Hormel Foods, is one of the world’s leading processors and marketers of turkey products. This vertically integrated enterprise consists of 12 lay farms, three hatcheries, more than 100 commercial growing farms, eight feed mills and seven processing plants across Minnesota and Wisconsin.

Each year, we purchase more than 30 million bushels of corn from local growers and more than 350,000 tons of soybean meal from local processors to make more than 1.3 million tons of feed for more than 40 million turkeys. Our business in local communities has a significant impact on their agricultural economy, and we are honored to support them.

Our industry-leading animal welfare practices begin with our people. Prior to working with turkeys at our farm locations and processing facilities, new employees undergo a thorough training program to familiarize themselves with techniques related to their respective jobs. Training for all employees is ongoing and includes monthly, annual and periodic audits to evaluate best-practice guidelines executed by employees. These audits gauge employee compliance with handling procedures and welfare guidelines for factors such as air and water quality and access to food.

Results of internal and third-party audits conducted at company hatcheries, grower farms and processing plants show adherence to National Turkey Federation animal welfare guidelines. Additionally, in our processing facilities, we perform daily internal audits conducted by quality assurance and operations personnel to maintain the highest animal welfare practices.

We require all of our independent and contract suppliers to follow a two-step process to ensure the highest animal welfare standards are applied when handling our turkeys. The two-step process includes conditional certification and final certification: conditional certification is obtained after the independent/contract producer completes company-provided training in animal handling, and final certification is obtained after personnel in the turkey procurement area complete an on-site inspection and an audit of the independent/contract producer’s operation. Recertification is required every three years.

Turkey Handling and Harvesting

Jennie-O Turkey Store has established clear, simple handling guidelines and closely monitors adherence to these guidelines to ensure standards are upheld throughout each step of raising, transporting and processing our turkeys. Our animal handling practices are consistent with policies set forth by the National Turkey Federation and the American Veterinary Medical Association, which include information about proper loading, unloading and processing techniques.

We are proud of our history of establishing handling procedures that have been adopted by national trade organizations and pioneering the use of anesthetizing techniques for turkeys prior to processing.

Furthermore, the humane harvesting of animals is an ongoing topic of discussion within the meat industry. We strive to consistently use best-in-class processing methods based on scientific findings. At Jennie-O Turkey Store, we use controlled atmosphere stunning and electrical stunning methods, both of which are accepted methods of humanely anesthetizing turkeys prior to processing. To date, scientific data has not shown a significant difference between the two methods; however, we continue to keep current with the latest scientific research to ensure we are using best practices for our animals.

Animal Welfare Review Board

Jennie-O Turkey Store formed an Animal Welfare Review Board in 2010 to raise the bar in setting the highest standards for responsible animal care. The board ensures accountability and ongoing leadership to uphold these standards. Its membership is comprised of key leaders (including several company vice presidents and directors) from various disciplines within the organization, such as plant operations, live production, quality assurance, technical services and human resources. The board reviews reported issues that may arise with animal handling and/or animal welfare processes, outlines plans for corrective action and develops and implements preventative measures to ensure that Jennie-O Turkey Store maintains the highest standard for animal welfare.


We understand that consumers are increasingly requesting cage-free eggs and are proud of the fact that 100 percent of the eggs we purchase to manufacture our products are cage-free eggs. Additional information about our animal welfare standards can be found in our Supplier Responsibility Principles and in our 2015 Hormel Foods Corporate Responsibility Report.

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